Article Index

The print-out analysis

Print out total body composition readings including:

  • Weight
  • Impedance
  • Fat %
  • Fat Mass
  • Fat Free Mass
  • Total Body Water %
  • Total Body Water Mass
  • Muscle Mass
  • Physique Rating
  • BMR (Basal Metabolic Rate)
  • Metabolic Age
  • Bone Mass
  • Visceral Fat Rating
  • BMI

Fat % / Fat Mass

Fat Mass is the predicted amount of fat in the subject’s body. Fat % is the proportion of Fat Mass to the total body weight.

Body Fat is essential for maintaining healthy skin, hair, body temperature and protecting internal organs. Yet, too much fat can damage your health. Reducing excess levels of body fat has shown to reduce the risk of certain conditions such as high blood pressure, heart disease, type 2 diabetes and cancer.

Fat Free Mass (FFM)

Fat Free Mass is comprised of non-fat components of the human body. Muscle, bone and water are all examples of fat-free mass.

Muscle Mass

The predicted weight of muscle in your body. As you exercise more, your muscle mass increases, which in turn burns more calories.

Total Body Water % (TBW %)

  • Total Body Water Percentage (TBW%) is the total amount of fluid in the body expressed as a % of total weight.
  • Being well hydrated will help concentration levels, sports performance and general well-being.
  • Generally drinking 2 liters of fluid a day will ensure good hydration levels.

The average TBW% ranges for a healthy person are:

  • Female 45 to 60%
  • Male 50 to 65%
  • Children 60-75%

Individuals with a high body fat % may fall below the recommended body water percentage. As body fat is reduced over time the TBW% should gradually improve.

Body Mass Index (BMI)

Body Mass Index is a standardised ratio of weight to height, and is used as a general indicator of health. Your BMI can be calculated by dividing your weight (in kilograms) by the square of your height (in meters)

  • <18.5 = Under Weight
  • 18.5 – 24.9 = Normal Weight
  • 25-29.9 = Overweight
  • 30> = Obese

Note: BMI is influenced by build and muscle mass.

For example, misleading results may be given for:

  • People with high muscle mass (e.g. sportsmen and women)
  • People who suffer from muscular dystrophy or water balance dysfunction
  • Changes in body composition over time

BMI is a good general indicator for population studies but has serious limitations when used for individual analysis.

Bone Mass

  • The predicted weight of bone mineral in your body.
  • It has been proven that increased muscle mass through sport activities promotes stronger healthier bones.

Check for significant changes over time.

Physique Rating

Physique rating assesses muscle and body fat rating into 9 body types.

As your activity level change over time the balance of body fat and muscle will alter which will change the user’s overall physique

Intra Cellular Water

Intracellular Water or Cytosol, is the liquid found inside cells.

Usually 40% of your body weight is intracellular water.

Extra Cellular Water (ECW)

Extracellular Water is the body fluid found outside of the cells.

Approximately 15% of the body weight is extracellular water (this can be split into 10% intracellular liquid between the cells and 5% intravascular liquid in the blood)

Extra Cellular Water/Total Body Water (ECW/TBW %)

  • The percentage of extracellular water in relation to the total body water.
  • Ideally the value should be approximately 40%.
  • Visceral Fat Rating Visceral fat is the fat in the abdominal area surrounding and protecting the vital organs.
  • Ensuring you have a healthy level of visceral fat reduces the risk of certain conditions such as heart disease, high blood pressure and type 2 diabetes.
  • Rating from 1 to 12: Indicates you have a healthy level of visceral fat. Monitor regularly to ensure your rating stays within this range.
  • Rating from 13 to 59: Indicates you have an excess level of visceral fat. Consider making changes in your lifestyle possibly through diet changes and/or increasing exercise.

Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)

Basal Metabolic Rate is the daily minimum level of energy or calories needed at rest for your body to function effectively.

Increasing muscle mass will directly speed up the metabolic rate. A person with a high BMR can burn more calories at rest than a person with a low BMR.

- = low burn- your body is slow at burning calories

0 = average burn - your body is standard at burning calories

+ = high burn - your body is fast at burning calories